As seeing hornet for the first time, some people probably think it is a wasp or a bee. Hornet insect, bee, and wasp have several differences. Hornet belongs to Vespa and becomes the largest members of Vespidae (wasp). This one has around 20 species worldwide and lives with its colony. The adult is around 1 to 1.5 inches long. They commonly own six legs and two pair’s wings. Moreover, they have reddish brown color on its legs, head, abdominal segment, and thorax.
How to Identify Hornet from Other Insects
Some of us sometimes get confused as differentiating hornet vs. wasp. Even, we also have no idea what makes this species different from a bee. In order to make all of this clear, we provide you several characteristics to identify hornets from other insects.
- The Nest
Just like other common insects, the colony also live in the nest. They are not only living inside the nest, but they also keep their eggs here. This insect is very protective of their eggs and nest. The nest normally will be in gray and oval-shaped. At first, it may look small just like the honey-comb. However, as their colony develops; it expands into an oval-shaped just like inverted teardrop or stalactite made of paper. The wasp’s nest also looks like the paper-like nest, yet it has no paper envelope to cover and protect it. Additionally, hornets make their nest outside your home. They build it in high and outdoor place such as thick shrubs, trees, or roofs. As fall comes, they will hide it between leaves. However, in the fall season, most of them are dying, dead, or leaving the queen only to live during the winter.
- The Number of Colonies
Most insects or bugs normally live in their colonies. For Hornets, they commonly have about 700 members in a nest. Therefore, if you are looking a larger or bigger nest, it may have thousands of hornets.
- The Appearance
At first sight, hornets may look like wasps. They have slight waist between abdomen and thorax. Unlike bees or wasps, most Hornets own black and white colors on its bodies. The bees normally have black and brownish-yellow, while the wasps have black and yellow coloring. Besides, unlike the wasp’s members, the gasters in hornets normally will be more rounded. Gasters are the part of the abdomen which closest to the thorax. Hornets also have wings just like bees. However, they normally fold its wings as they have a rest.
- The Size
Another main part that makes hornets different from other insects is its size. The European hornets commonly have 1 to 1.5 inches long, while the wasp has smaller size around 1 inch. The size of its head or vertex also will be wider than wasps.
Hornet Stings: Symptoms and Treatments
Just like bees or wasps, hornets also can sting human and its enemy. However, the stings of hornets are different from bee or wasp stings. A bee can normally sting its target once, while wasps and hornets can sting the target more than one. Moreover, bees will almost die in a while after they sting people. Meanwhile, wasps and hornets are able to sting its enemy repeatedly over and over again. Even, hornets can be very aggressive as stinging people.
As you get hornet sting, you probably will get several symptoms like pain, swollen, redness, or itchy in sting areas. Even, some people can get swell for 2 or 3 days and get allergic reactions which cause trouble breathing, wheeze, rash, and itching. However, you do not need to worry as you get bite by hornets. Here we give you some tips on how to get rid of hornet’s stings.
- Remove or clean the skin areas
- Place ice cube covered in cloth to the sting areas
- Use drugs or skin treatments to reduce swelling
- Use epinephrine injection or desensitization as you get allergy