Rats surely become a very disgusting animal. They are not only disgusting, but they also can bring diseases. Rats are classified into several species. Norway rats become a popular species worldwide. The Norway species normally called as the gray rat, wharf rat, house rat, barn rat, super rat, or brown rat. The super rat can reach up to 16 inches in length. The Norway or Rattus Norvegicus have grayish-brown color. However, some of them also can be in pure gray or reddish brown.
The common Norway rat size is about 7 to 10 inches in length. Its tail can be in 6 to 8 inches, shorter than its body. For the weight, this one has about 10 to 16 ounces, bigger than the roof rat species. Their body is thick and heavy with a blunt nose. Their ears are normally small and close to the body. Unlike its ears, their eyes are relatively black and large.
The Reproduction and Habitat of Norway Rats
For its infestation, Norway rats female are able giving birth 3 to 20 rats in its lifetime. Several factors increase the rat populations including the big amount of waste, incessantly mild winters, flood, and others. The Norway species have 2 to 3 months sexual maturity, and they can breed in any month. However, the breeding season normally grows in spring and fall. They can breed indoors and outdoors in any year. That is why this species can always live and exist in any weather and season.
For the habitat, Norway rats can be easily found in Canada and US. They prefer to live in basements, storage rooms, sewers, soil burrow, and other darker rooms. The Norway species is a nocturnal animal. They will come out before sunrise or after sunset for feeding. Besides living inside the home, this rat also like living near the food sources like in livestock, barns, granaries, kitchen, farms or silos. However, most people normally found them living in underground areas. They commonly built the home form soft materials like grass or paper. During the night, they will come out from the nest, climbing or swimming from the nest, and entering the house or trash, looking for the food source.
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How to Get Rid Of Norway Rat
After knowing Norway rat facts, now it’s time to get them away from your home. Here are some tips to get rid them the Norway species.
- Paying Attention to Its Signs
Just like other animals, the Norway species also has its sign of infestation. The first thing to know whether your home is infested by this rat is by looking for its droppings. The droppings normally look like a capsule with 18 to 20 cm in length, dark color, and blunt ends. Besides, its chew marks on food also can be another sign of their infestation.
- Reduce The Food Sources
The second thing that you should do to get away this species is by decreasing its food source. You can start by placing secure lid to the trash can and empty it regularly. Moreover, do not forget to store the pet food inside the sealed container. The Norway rat also really likes to eat meats, fruits, nuts, and grains. For that reason, make sure to not leave all those foods carelessly during the night.
- Reduce Water Source
The Norway rat likes to live in moist areas. Since they are great swimmers, they can live in water areas. To avoid them living near your house, make sure to fix all the plumbing or pipe leaks in your home. Besides, do not forget to remove all outdoor containers consisting water.
- Seal Up Your Home
Lastly, make sure to seal up your home by not leaving doors and windows open, especially at night. The Norway rat can be easily entering the home since they are good at climbing. Their small bodies also make them easier as they want to enter the home via window, door, or chimney.