Types of termites generally found in the home and around us. What are termites? And where they live? Termites are insects that frequently called the silent destroyer. They can slowly destroy buildings without leaving any signs. Termites usually live together with their colonies.
They build the nest inside the building construction and then slowly become destroyers of its structure. Termites have several species, and each of them owns its characteristics. There are around 45 termite species in the USA. Understanding its species can prevent you from termite infestation in your house.
General Types of Termites and Their Habitats
Most termites commonly live in some places with tropics and temperate climate. They stay inside nests with their colonies. Depends on its colony, termites are divided into three types: swarmers, soldiers, and workers. In its colony, only the swarmers own wings. The soldiers look bigger with big heads because their jobs are protecting the nest. Meanwhile, the workers commonly own mandibles which are used for building the nest and bringing food supply. The types of termites are categorized into four general types: subterranean, drywood, damp wood, and Formosan.
- Subterranean Termites
Subterranean termites stay in the soil or wet areas. They prefer living in dark and moisture places. If you are wondering what kind of termites in-house, the subterranean becomes the type which mostly lives inside our houses. Even, this one becomes the major factors of home damages in the USA. Its colony can own up to 2 million termites that consist of soldiers, swarmers, and workers. Most of their colonies are workers. They get grey and white color and mandibles. Meanwhile, the swarmers’ lengths are around 0.25 to 0.5 inch which is bigger than others. They own brown-black color and wings.
- Drywood Termites
Drywood termites commonly live in wood like hardwood floors, dead trees, and others non-soil areas. They build the nest in windows, timber framing, and other wooden constructions. That is why they are rarely seen, except while moving to another wooden place. Their colonies can have up to 2.500 termites, yet they normally have no workers. The younger termites will do all the works and called the false workers. This type normally is about 3/8 inch.
- Dampwood Termites
Dampwood is the types of termites that prefer to stay in wet tropics places such as damp, leaking plumbing, or dead woods. They need a lot of moisture, so this one is rarely seen inside houses. Their bodies have the brown color and commonly larger than the rest termites. Their size is about ½” to 5/8”. Just like the drywood, dampwood termites also ask the younger ones to do all colonies’ jobs.
- Formosan termites
Formosan termites often called the most hazardous types of termites. They are around ½’” in size and have long-oval and yellowish-brown bodies. Formosan becomes the largest termite’s species and the most destructive ones. Even, they can consume about 0.4 kg wood each day. The Formosan commonly built their nests inside building’s walls, boats, and others.
Conehead and Desert Termites Types
Besides those four general termites, there are other two kinds of termites which also found in some area, conehead and desert termites. The Conehead termite normally lives in tropical areas of Central America and Carribean.
Their colonies build the nest in the mud over the ground. Its soldiers own brown head and big white body. They also have a cone on the top of its heads for nest protection. As protecting their nests from enemies, they use sticky secretion which is poisonous to make enemies incapable of moving.
Then, how about the desert termites? Desert termites are invisible because they prefer to live underground. However, this type also lives under wood or rocks. Desert termites mostly found in the southwestern part of USA. Both of their workers and soldiers own mandibles for nest protection and bringing food supply.
The swarmers have light-brown color and around 0.5 inches long. Meanwhile, the workers tend to have the brown and pale-yellow body